Synonyms containing monetarily
We've found 5 synonyms:
Government debt, also known as public interest, public debt, national debt and sovereign debt, contrasts to the annual government budget deficit, which is a flow variable that equals the difference between government receipts and spending in a single year. The debt is a stock variable, measured at a specific point in time, and it is the accumulation of all prior deficits. Government debt can be categorized as internal debt (owed to lenders within the country) and external debt (owed to foreign lenders). Another common division of government debt is by duration until repayment is due. Short term debt is generally considered to be for one year or less, and long term debt is for more than ten years. Medium term debt falls between these two boundaries. A broader definition of government debt may consider all government liabilities, including future pension payments and payments for goods and services which the government has contracted but not yet paid. Governments create debt by issuing government bonds and bills. Less creditworthy countries sometimes borrow directly from a supranational organization (e.g. the World Bank) or international financial institutions. In a monetarily sovereign country such as the United States of America, the United Kingdom and most other countries, government debt held in the home currency are merely savings accounts held at the central bank. In this way this "debt" has a very different meaning to the debt acquired by households who are restricted by their income. Monetarily sovereign governments issue their own currencies and do not need this income to finance spending. A central government with its own currency can pay for its nominal spending by creating money ex novo, although typical arrangements leave money creation to central banks. In this instance, a government issues securities to the public not to raise funds, but instead to remove excess bank reserves (caused by government spending that is higher than tax receipts) and '...create a shortage of reserves in the market so that the system as a whole must come to the [central] Bank for liquidity.'
A pennyweight is a unit of mass that is equal to 24 grains, ¹⁄20 of a troy ounce, ¹⁄240 of a troy pound, approximately 0.054857 avoirdupois ounce and exactly 1.55517384 grammes. In the Middle Ages, a British penny's weight was literally, as well as monetarily, ¹⁄20 of an ounce and ¹⁄240 of a pound of sterling silver. At the time, the pound in use was the Tower pound. The medieval English pennyweight was thus equal to 32 Tower grains. When Troy weights replaced Tower weights in 1527, the Troy weights were defined in such a way that the old Tower pound came out to exactly 5400 Troy grains, the Tower pennyweight 22¹⁄2 Troy grains. After 1527, the English pennyweight was the Troy pennyweight. The Troy pound and the pennyweight lost their official status in the United Kingdom in the Weights and Measures Act of 1878; only the Troy ounce and its decimal subdivisions remained official. The Troy ounce enjoys a specific legal exemption from metrication in the UK. The pennyweight is the common weight used in the valuation and measurement of precious metals. Jewelers use the pennyweight in calculating the amount and cost of precious metals used in fabricating or casting jewellery. Similarly, dentists and dental labs still use the pennyweight as the measure of precious metals in dental crowns and inlays.
|Diminution in value|
Diminution in value
Diminution in value is a legal term of art used when calculating damages in a legal dispute, and describes a measure of value lost due to a circumstance or set of circumstances that caused the loss. Specifically, it measures the value of something before and after the causative act or omission creating the lost value in order to calculate compensatory damages.In legal damages theories, diminution in value is often calculated for compensatory special damages when a loss is monetarily quantifiable, and for restitution or disgorgement damages when the loss has unfairly enriched a wrongdoer.
The theory of consumer choice is the branch of microeconomics that relates preferences to consumption expenditures and to consumer demand curves. It analyzes how consumers maximize the desirability of their consumption as measured by their preferences subject to limitations on their expenditures, by maximizing utility subject to a consumer budget constraint.Consumption is separated from production, logically, because two different economic agents are involved. In the first case consumption is by the primary individual; in the second case, a producer might make something that he would not consume himself. Therefore, different motivations and abilities are involved. The models that make up consumer theory are used to represent prospectively observable demand patterns for an individual buyer on the hypothesis of constrained optimization. Prominent variables used to explain the rate at which the good is purchased (demanded) are the price per unit of that good, prices of related goods, and wealth of the consumer. The law of demand states that the rate of consumption falls as the price of the good rises, even when the consumer is monetarily compensated for the effect of the higher price; this is called the substitution effect. As the price of a good rises, consumers will substitute away from that good, choosing more of other alternatives. If no compensation for the price rise occurs, as is usual, then the decline in overall purchasing power due to the price rise leads, for most goods, to a further decline in the quantity demanded; this is called the income effect. In addition, as the wealth of the individual rises, demand for most products increases, shifting the demand curve higher at all possible prices.
|EVO Media Group|
EVO Media Group
The EVO Media Group, Inc. (“EVO”) is a venture-backed company that is dually headquartered in Seattle, WA (engineering) & San Francisco, CA (business development).EVO’s main purpose is to apply the newest Internet technologies and gaming mechanics to previously mundane and daunting platforms. The result is a lower barrier to entry, users being incentivized to complete tasks on time, and a sense of fun.The EVO Media Group is dedicated to providing the world with online platforms and tools that allow them to both create and capture value. Our Vision:To help create an online world where creation and distribution of thoughts and information is easy and fun for anyone – Gutenberg to the max.To help create an online world where the publishing of those thoughts and information gets distributed to its optimum potential – the right info finds the right audience.To help create a world where the creators of influential thoughts and information get credit and are rewarded monetarily for their efforts – the advertising dollar trickles down the long tail.