directed or facing toward the back or rear
"a backward view"
sassy, headlong, guardant(ip), nervy, smart, presumptuous, gardant(ip), cheeky, saucy, forward, full-face, self-assertive, brash, precocious, impertinent, wise, assumptive, fresh, headfirst, overbold, bumptious, overfamiliar, dynamical, dynamic, impudent, assuming, forrad, forrard, forwards, frontwards, frontward, ahead
(used of temperament or behavior) marked by a retiring nature
"a backward lover"
self-assertive, forward, gardant(ip), headlong, assuming, bumptious, overfamiliar, impudent, wise, brash, presumptuous, dynamical, fresh, assumptive, headfirst, impertinent, precocious, smart, nervy, saucy, full-face, sassy, guardant(ip), dynamic, overbold, cheeky, ahead, forwards, frontward, frontwards, forrad, forrard
backward, half-witted, slow-witted, feebleminded(adj)
retarded in intellectual development
overfamiliar, wise, headfirst, nervy, sassy, guardant(ip), brash, gardant(ip), forward, fresh, cheeky, presumptuous, smart, dynamic, headlong, assumptive, full-face, impudent, self-assertive, precocious, dynamical, bumptious, saucy, impertinent, overbold, assuming, forrad, frontwards, forwards, forrard, ahead, frontward
having made less than normal progress
"an economically backward country"
smart, assumptive, gardant(ip), overfamiliar, brash, guardant(ip), saucy, cheeky, assuming, overbold, dynamic, fresh, impudent, presumptuous, impertinent, sassy, headlong, bumptious, self-assertive, wise, precocious, dynamical, headfirst, full-face, forward, nervy, forrard, frontward, ahead, forwards, frontwards, forrad
back, backward, backwards, rearward, rearwards(adverb)
at or to or toward the back or rear
"he moved back"; "tripped when he stepped backward"; "she looked rearward out the window of the car"
assuming, gardant(ip), full-face, nervy, forward, headfirst, precocious, dynamical, overbold, overfamiliar, dynamic, brash, wise, guardant(ip), self-assertive, bumptious, saucy, sassy, smart, fresh, assumptive, impudent, presumptuous, impertinent, cheeky, headlong, frontwards, forwards, forrad, ahead, frontward, forrard
in a manner or order or direction the reverse of normal
"it's easy to get the `i' and the `e' backward in words like `seize' and `siege'"; "the child put her jersey on backward"
forward, headlong, presumptuous, impudent, overfamiliar, impertinent, smart, sassy, assumptive, gardant(ip), wise, nervy, overbold, cheeky, full-face, dynamical, precocious, saucy, self-assertive, fresh, headfirst, dynamic, guardant(ip), brash, bumptious, assuming, frontward, forrad, forrard, ahead, frontwards, forwards
in or to or toward a past time
"set the clocks back an hour"; "never look back"; "lovers of the past looking fondly backward"
gardant(ip), fresh, assuming, dynamical, impertinent, headlong, dynamic, saucy, forward, bumptious, assumptive, overbold, impudent, self-assertive, smart, overfamiliar, presumptuous, cheeky, wise, sassy, full-face, headfirst, nervy, guardant(ip), brash, precocious, frontward, frontwards, forrard, ahead, forwards, forrad
backward(adjective)Pertaining to the direction towards the back.
English Synonyms and Antonyms
Reluctant (Latin re, back, and lucto, strive, struggle) signifies struggling against what one is urged or impelled to do, or is actually doing; averse (Latin a, from, and verto, turn) signifies turned away as with dislike or repugnance; loath (Anglo-Saxon lath, evil, hateful) signifies having a repugnance, disgust, or loathing for, tho the adjective loath is not so strong as the verb loathe. A dunce is always averse to study; a good student is disinclined to it when a fine morning tempts him out; he is indisposed to it in some hour of weariness. A man may be slow or backward in entering upon that to which he is by no means averse. A man is loath to believe evil of his friend, reluctant to speak of it, absolutely unwilling to use it to his injury. A legislator may be opposed to a certain measure, while not averse to what it aims to accomplish. Compare ANTIPATHY.
Dictionary of English Synonymes
List of paraphrases:
backwardness, rearward, backwards, retrograde, back, underdeveloped, retrogressive, backward-looking, regressive, overdue, behind, rearwards, arrears, upstream, outdated, lagging, backlog, out-dated, backspace, aft
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Translations for backward
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- назад, обратно, изостаналBulgarian
- enrereCatalan, Valencian
- vzad, dozadu, zpátkyCzech
- zögerlich, rückwärts, zurück, rückwärtsgewandt, zurückgeblieben, altmodisch, gehemmt, antiquiert, nach hinten, überholt, rückständig, unterentwickelt, zurückgewandtGerman
- πίσω, υπανάπτυκτος, ανάποδος, οπισθοδρομικός, παλιομοδίτικοςGreek
- pasado de moda, rezagado, atrasado, anticuado, retrógradoSpanish
- taantumuksellinen, vanhanaikainen, takapajuinen, päinvastainen, takaperoinen, alikehittynyt, taaksepäin, saamaton, takaperin, syrjäänvetäytyvä, peruuttaaFinnish
- en arrière, sous-développé, arriéréFrench
- mundur ke belakangIndonesian
- 後方, 後ろJapanese
- z powrotem, archaiczny, przestarzały, do tyłu, tyłPolish
- retrógrado, atrasadoPortuguese
- îndărăt, regresiv, înapoi, către spate, spre-napoiRomanian
- обратный, задний, отсталый, назад, обратноRussian
- bakåtsträvande, baklänges, bakåt, bakomSwedish
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