involuntary, nonvoluntary, unvoluntary(adj)
not subject to the control of the will
"involuntary manslaughter"; "involuntary servitude"; "an involuntary shudder"; "It (becoming a hero) was involuntary. They sank my boat"- John F.Kennedy
controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control
"involuntary muscles"; "gave an involuntary start"
Without intention; unintentional.
He involuntarily overheard the conversation.
Not voluntary or willing; contrary or opposed to explicit will or desire; unwilling.
He found himself the involuntary witness in the trial.
English Synonyms and Antonyms
That is spontaneous which is freely done, with no external compulsion and, in human actions, without special premeditation or distinct determination of the will; that is voluntary which is freely done with distinct act of will; that is involuntary which is independent of the will, and perhaps in opposition to it; a willing act is not only in accordance with will, but with desire. Thus voluntary and involuntary, which are antonyms of each other, are both partial synonyms of spontaneous. We speak of spontaneous generation, spontaneous combustion, spontaneous sympathy, an involuntary start, an unbidden tear, voluntary agreement, willing submission. A babe's smile in answer to that of its mother is spontaneous; the smile of a pouting child wheedled into good humor is involuntary. In physiology the action of the heart and lungs is called involuntary; the growth of the hair and nails is spontaneous; the action of swallowing is voluntary up to a certain point, beyond which it becomes involuntary or automatic. In the fullest sense of that which is not only without the will but distinctly in opposition to it, or compulsory, involuntary becomes an antonym, not only of voluntary but of spontaneous; as, involuntary servitude. A spontaneous outburst of applause is of necessity an act of volition, but so completely dependent on sympathetic impulse that it would seem frigid to call it voluntary, while to call it involuntary would imply some previous purpose or inclination not to applaud.
Dictionary of English Synonymes
Synonyms, Antonyms & Associated Words
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How to use involuntary in a sentence?
We must reform our mental health laws to better identify mentally disturbed individuals who may commit acts of violence and make sure those people not only get treatment but when necessary involuntary confinement, mental illness and hatred pulls the trigger, not the gun.
Air pollution is an involuntary risk factor, we all breathe the air, and this should create a stronger incentive for government to take action to reduce emissions that lead to air pollution.
Pleasant food aromas stimulate an involuntary physiological reaction : the mouth will salivate and the stomach will contract, mimicking hunger pangs.
Because of that injury, there can be a miscommunication between the brain and bladder—the bladder has a mind of its own, and instead of staying nice and calm until [it's full], your bladder has involuntary spasms throughout the day.
We've always said the case actually is an involuntary manslaughter (case) -- that it was an accidental overdose and a subsequent panic and a failure to call 911, i think she has tremendous amount of relief that this ordeal is closing.
Translations for involuntary
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- لا إراديArabic
- неволно, неволенBulgarian
- involuntariCatalan, Valencian
- unabsichtlich, unfreiwillig, unwillkürlichGerman
- αθέλητος, ακούσιοςGreek
- tahaton, vastentahtoinenFinnish
- niet intentioneel, onwillekeurigDutch
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