the part of a golf course bordering the fairway where the grass is not cut short
undulate, untoothed, even-textured, easy, nonaggressive, creaseless, unseamed, seamless, repand, streamlined, velvet, uncreased, unlined, refined, pleasant, sinuate, fine-textured, smooth, skilled, exact, euphonious, sleek, fast, unnotched, smooth-textured, calm, euphonous, entire, unaggressive, polished, velvety, flowing, kind, velvet-textured, aerodynamic, glassy
having or caused by an irregular surface
"trees with rough bark"; "rough ground"; "rough skin"; "rough blankets"; "his unsmooth face"
velvet-textured, velvet, euphonous, untoothed, undulate, kind, sinuate, creaseless, seamless, unaggressive, smooth, streamlined, unnotched, easy, euphonious, glassy, fine-textured, uncreased, velvety, calm, smooth-textured, sleek, refined, pleasant, skilled, unlined, even-textured, entire, repand, polished, unseamed, fast, nonaggressive, flowing, exact, aerodynamic
(of persons or behavior) lacking refinement or finesse
"she was a diamond in the rough"; "rough manners"
entire, untoothed, aerodynamic, streamlined, skilled, velvety, velvet-textured, nonaggressive, unlined, euphonous, unaggressive, fine-textured, polished, smooth, creaseless, uncreased, seamless, flowing, easy, unseamed, refined, sleek, fast, velvet, pleasant, sinuate, kind, smooth-textured, calm, euphonious, unnotched, exact, repand, even-textured, undulate, glassy
approximate, approximative, rough(adj)
not quite exact or correct
"the approximate time was 10 o'clock"; "a rough guess"; "a ballpark estimate"
bumpy, approximative, pugnacious, jolting, jolty, crude, gravelly, rocky, close together(p), fierce, harsh, scratchy, jumpy, boisterous, grating, approximate, near, raspy, unsmooth, uncut, rasping
exact, velvet-textured, pleasant, creaseless, even-textured, smooth, calm, sinuate, polished, unnotched, unseamed, untoothed, nonaggressive, fine-textured, kind, uncreased, euphonous, smooth-textured, streamlined, euphonious, repand, velvety, undulate, flowing, refined, unlined, velvet, unaggressive, skilled, aerodynamic, sleek, fast, easy, seamless, glassy, entire
full of hardship or trials
"the rocky road to success"; "they were having a rough time"
bumpy, raspy, jolting, pugnacious, bouldered, jolty, crude, gravelly, rocky, bouldery, fierce, harsh, unsmooth, scratchy, stony, jumpy, boisterous, grating, approximate, approximative, uncut, rasping
velvet-textured, sleek, even-textured, smooth, creaseless, entire, aerodynamic, smooth-textured, unaggressive, untoothed, fast, streamlined, polished, calm, seamless, repand, refined, unnotched, velvet, unseamed, exact, euphonious, euphonous, glassy, pleasant, kind, unlined, fine-textured, undulate, uncreased, easy, velvety, flowing, sinuate, skilled, nonaggressive
boisterous, fierce, rough(adj)
violently agitated and turbulent
"boisterous winds and waves"; "the fierce thunders roar me their music"- Ezra Pound; "rough weather"; "rough seas"
pugnacious, approximative, fierce, trigger-happy, unsmooth, robustious, violent, boisterous, bowelless, scratchy, ferocious, knockabout, uncut, jumpy, rocky, harsh, gravelly, approximate, cutthroat, vehement, rambunctious, rumbustious, jolting, unruly, jolty, rasping, bumpy, tearing, raspy, savage, furious, crude, grating
euphonous, even-textured, nonaggressive, uncreased, easy, polished, fast, unaggressive, smooth, velvet, refined, fine-textured, smooth-textured, entire, velvety, untoothed, undulate, unnotched, exact, euphonious, kind, seamless, sleek, skilled, pleasant, repand, sinuate, streamlined, creaseless, calm, velvet-textured, flowing, unseamed, unlined, aerodynamic, glassy
grating, gravelly, rasping, raspy, rough, scratchy(adj)
unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound
"a gravelly voice"
pugnacious, irritable, approximative, unsmooth, cranky, boisterous, scratchy, pettish, fierce, abrasive, peevish, uncut, jumpy, rocky, uneven, harsh, shingly, gravelly, approximate, crude, jolting, spotty, jolty, petulant, rasping, bumpy, nettlesome, testy, tetchy, raspy, fractious, techy, pebbly, peckish, grating
kind, fine-textured, easy, untoothed, fast, entire, refined, unlined, glassy, smooth, undulate, sinuate, velvet-textured, velvety, skilled, unseamed, uncreased, nonaggressive, smooth-textured, calm, euphonious, exact, velvet, sleek, seamless, flowing, pleasant, even-textured, streamlined, repand, unaggressive, creaseless, polished, euphonous, unnotched, aerodynamic
ready and able to resort to force or violence
"pugnacious spirits...lamented that there was so little prospect of an exhilarating disturbance"- Herman Melville; "they were rough and determined fighting men"
bumpy, approximative, hard-bitten, pugnacious, jolting, rasping, crude, gravelly, rocky, jolty, fierce, harsh, scratchy, jumpy, boisterous, grating, approximate, raspy, unsmooth, uncut, hard-boiled
flowing, unlined, refined, sleek, euphonious, fast, unaggressive, calm, fine-textured, untoothed, skilled, glassy, easy, velvet-textured, velvet, velvety, smooth, repand, seamless, aerodynamic, euphonous, undulate, entire, polished, exact, pleasant, streamlined, sinuate, unnotched, nonaggressive, creaseless, even-textured, unseamed, uncreased, kind, smooth-textured
of the margin of a leaf shape; having the edge cut or fringed or scalloped
even-textured, smooth, refined, unlined, streamlined, glassy, calm, fine-textured, velvety, euphonious, velvet, velvet-textured, sinuate, repand, fast, seamless, exact, creaseless, skilled, unaggressive, flowing, polished, pleasant, untoothed, aerodynamic, sleek, nonaggressive, unseamed, euphonous, uncreased, unnotched, undulate, entire, kind, smooth-textured, easy
rough, rocky, bumpy, jolty, jolting, jumpy(adj)
causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements
"a rough ride"
bumpy, approximative, highly strung, pugnacious, jolting, bouldered, approximate, gravelly, rocky, bouldery, edgy, uptight, fierce, harsh, overstrung, high-strung, restive, nervy, scratchy, stony, crude, jumpy, boisterous, grating, jolty, raspy, unsmooth, jittery, uncut, rasping
euphonous, fine-textured, euphonious, flowing, kind, smooth-textured, exact, smooth, calm, unseamed, pleasant, unlined, velvety, nonaggressive, refined, velvet, easy, entire, sinuate, even-textured, streamlined, polished, velvet-textured, unaggressive, aerodynamic, skilled, sleek, fast, seamless, uncreased, unnotched, creaseless, repand, glassy, undulate, untoothed
not shaped by cutting or trimming
"an uncut diamond"; "rough gemstones"
bumpy, raspy, jolting, pugnacious, jolty, crude, full-length, rocky, fierce, unmown, untrimmed, unsmooth, scratchy, gravelly, jumpy, boisterous, grating, approximate, approximative, harsh, uncut, rasping
pleasant, smooth, easy, exact, streamlined, glassy, unaggressive, untoothed, even-textured, smooth-textured, kind, entire, euphonious, undulate, seamless, unnotched, sleek, flowing, uncreased, repand, unseamed, fine-textured, polished, fast, sinuate, velvety, refined, unlined, skilled, velvet, velvet-textured, creaseless, euphonous, nonaggressive, aerodynamic, calm
not carefully or expertly made
"managed to make a crude splint"; "a crude cabin of logs with bark still on them"; "rough carpentry"
bumpy, raspy, primitive, pugnacious, unrefined, rude, crude(a), gravelly, rocky, vulgar, jolting, jolty, gross, boisterous, fierce, raw, harsh, stark(a), unsmooth, scratchy, earthy, crude, unprocessed, blunt, grating, approximate, jumpy, approximative, uncut, rasping
unseamed, entire, untoothed, calm, polished, velvety, exact, smooth, euphonous, uncreased, fine-textured, glassy, velvet-textured, streamlined, euphonious, nonaggressive, smooth-textured, unnotched, pleasant, unaggressive, creaseless, flowing, seamless, fast, skilled, refined, aerodynamic, sleek, repand, even-textured, kind, easy, velvet, unlined, sinuate, undulate
"a rough draft"; "a few rough sketches"
exact, velvet, fast, seamless, flowing, smooth, smooth-textured, polished, skilled, streamlined, euphonious, aerodynamic, fine-textured, pleasant, creaseless, unlined, sleek, undulate, repand, refined, even-textured, velvety, entire, kind, unaggressive, calm, unseamed, easy, sinuate, euphonous, uncreased, nonaggressive, velvet-textured, glassy, unnotched, untoothed
"wild and harsh country full of hot sand and cactus"; "the nomad life is rough and hazardous"
streamlined, smooth, unseamed, velvet, untoothed, unaggressive, smooth-textured, euphonious, seamless, nonaggressive, pleasant, kind, refined, fast, polished, undulate, even-textured, glassy, euphonous, sleek, skilled, flowing, uncreased, aerodynamic, fine-textured, velvety, entire, calm, velvet-textured, sinuate, repand, creaseless, unlined, exact, easy, unnotched
unkind or cruel or uncivil
"had harsh words"; "a harsh and unlovable old tyrant"; "a rough answer"
undulate, aerodynamic, polished, streamlined, entire, untoothed, calm, sinuate, seamless, euphonous, velvet-textured, easy, even-textured, unnotched, unaggressive, creaseless, smooth, nonaggressive, uncreased, unlined, flowing, refined, fine-textured, exact, euphonious, sleek, repand, pleasant, kind, velvety, skilled, smooth-textured, velvet, fast, glassy, unseamed
rough in, rough, rough out(adverb)
prepare in preliminary or sketchy form
sinuate, polished, smooth-textured, unlined, kind, skilled, aerodynamic, velvet-textured, smooth, seamless, exact, creaseless, undulate, velvety, glassy, sleek, uncreased, euphonious, unaggressive, unnotched, velvet, calm, streamlined, fine-textured, euphonous, pleasant, flowing, repand, nonaggressive, entire, even-textured, fast, untoothed, unseamed, refined, easy
with roughness or violence (`rough' is an informal variant for `roughly')
"he was pushed roughly aside"; "they treated him rough"
fine-textured, unaggressive, streamlined, undulate, repand, euphonous, untoothed, aerodynamic, unseamed, smooth, uncreased, polished, smooth-textured, sinuate, velvet, pleasant, entire, exact, skilled, velvety, euphonious, kind, fast, even-textured, easy, unlined, velvet-textured, unnotched, refined, nonaggressive, flowing, calm, glassy, creaseless, seamless, sleek
with rough motion as over a rough surface
velvet-textured, nonaggressive, velvet, exact, undulate, flowing, untoothed, velvety, sinuate, creaseless, seamless, skilled, smooth, repand, smooth-textured, unnotched, sleek, aerodynamic, unaggressive, euphonous, pleasant, uncreased, refined, streamlined, easy, fine-textured, calm, euphonious, kind, polished, glassy, entire, even-textured, fast, unlined, unseamed
Having a texture that has much friction. Not smooth; uneven.
Rough in the shape first, then polish the details.
A rough estimate.
The sea was rough.
Being a teenager these days can be rough.
His manners are a bit rough, but he means well.
This box has been through some rough handling.
English Synonyms and Antonyms
Awkward, from awk (kindred with off, from the Norwegian), is off-ward, turned the wrong way; it was anciently used of a back-handed or left-handed blow in battle, of squinting eyes, etc. Clumsy, on the other hand (from clumse, also through the Norwegian), signifies benumbed, stiffened with cold; this is the original meaning of clumsy fingers, clumsy limbs. Thus, awkward primarily refers to action, clumsy to condition. A tool, a vehicle, or the human frame may be clumsy in shape or build, awkward in motion. The clumsy man is almost of necessity awkward, but the awkward man may not be naturally clumsy. The finest untrained colt is awkward in harness; a horse that is clumsy in build can never be trained out of awkwardness. An awkward statement has an uncomfortable, and perhaps recoiling force; a statement that contains ill-assorted and incongruous material in ill-chosen language is clumsy. We speak of an awkward predicament, an awkward scrape. An awkward excuse commonly reflects on the one who offers it. We say the admitted facts have an awkward appearance. In none of these cases could clumsy be used. Clumsy is, however, applied to movements that seem as unsuitable as those of benumbed and stiffened limbs. A dancing bear is both clumsy and awkward.
The raw recruit is awkward in action; at the business.
Complete Dictionary of Synonyms and Antonyms
uneven, harsh, bristly, scabrous, rugged, knotty, unpolished, boisterous, tempestuous, stormy, coarse, craggy, gruff, crude, severe, shaggy, disordered, unrefined, uncourteous, rude, unshaped, churlish, blunt
Dictionary of English Synonymes
Synonyms, Antonyms & Associated Words
uneven, jagged, craggy, rugged, cragged, scraggy, rude, inurbane, burly, unrefined, discourteous, uncivil, blunt, bluff, brusque, austere, abrupt, gruff, boorish, uncourtly, boisterous, tumultuous, tempestuous, stormy, harsh, hard, severe, inclement, drastic, violent, harsh, grating, raucous, discordant, inharmonious, unkempt, disheveled, shaggy, incomplete, superficial, cursory, crude, uncut, unpolished, scabrous
Words popularity by usage frequency
How to use rough in a sentence?
U.S. markets really are taking their cues from what's happening outside the country as we head into the earnings season, valuations are still high and earnings are going to be rough with companies adding not more than 1-3 percent year over year. We expect the market to continue moving sideways for the remainder of the year.
I'm for Tom Brady, i know him really well. I think (the NFL has) treated him very rough.
Other than some rough periods here and there, it’s been a fairly good market for corporations.
We've had a rough week, fueled by a lot of volatility, oil inventories are really high compared with historical levels.
In its rush to claim the high ground in our roiling national conversation about harassment, the Democratic Party has implemented a zero-tolerance standard, for me, that means a vindictive, terminated employee’s false allegations are enough for the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC) to decide not to support our promising campaign. We are in a national moment where rough justice stands in place of careful analysis, nuance and due process.
Translations for rough
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- tosc, difícil, aproximat, rude, quasi, aspreCatalan, Valencian
- neomalený, surový, bouřlivý, hrubý, nepříjemný, raf (vyšší tráva kolem fairwaye)Czech
- rau, grob, RoughGerman
- rudo, difícil, tosco, turbulento, casi, aproximado, aproximativo, ásperoSpanish
- kare, ligilähedaneEstonian
- زبر, زمخت, خشنPersian
- kova, karkea, luonnostella, murjoa, aallokkoinen, rosoinen, väkivaltainen, hahmotella, kuoppainen, pahoinpidellä, väkivaltaisuus, karhea, karheikko, raffiFinnish
- approximatif, rugueux, ébaucher, brutaliser, difficile, brut, rude, malmener, brutalFrench
- rûchWestern Frisian
- garbh, eascaoinIrish
- műveletlen, kemény, durva, nehéz, faragatlan, zord, hozzávetőleges, érdes, nyers, egyenetlenHungarian
- difficile, approssimato, rugoso, rude, mosso, scabro, ruvidoItalian
- 粗野, でこぼこJapanese
- asper, rudisLatin
- ass, raupjš, rupjš, negludsLatvian
- kōkau, tuarangarangaMāori
- ruig, ruwDutch
- dur, aspruRomanian
- тяжёлый, грубый, трудный, жёсткий, шероховатый, суровый, черновой, приблизительный, бурный, примерныйRussian
- గరుకు, సుమారు, కష్టమైన, ఉరామరికTelugu
- کسی نہ کسی طرحUrdu
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