Synonyms containing experiencer
We've found 5 synonyms:
Quirky subjects are a linguistic phenomenon whereby certain verbs specify that their subjects are to be in a case other than the nominative. For example a sentence like "*Me like him" is ungrammatical in Standard English because the subject is ordinarily in the nominative. In many or most modern nominative–accusative languages this rule is inflexible, the subject is indeed in the nominative case, and almost all treat the subjects of all verbs the same. Icelandic is of interest to linguistics as it has been argued to be a modern Indo-European language with an exceptionally large number of quirky subjects, also analyzed as dative subjects. Example: Mig vantar penna. The verb is always in the third person. The class of quirky subjects in Icelandic is a large one, consisting of hundreds of verbs in a number of distinct classes: experiencer verbs like vanta, motion verbs like reka, change of state verbs like ysta, verbs of success/failure like takast, verbs of acquisition like áskotnast, and many others. Old Swedish also had quirky subjects. Swedish verbs forced subjects to agree in person until around the 15th century, the advent of modern Swedish. But agreement in number remained in written Swedish as late as the 20th century, even though all subject–verb agreement had disappeared in speech by the 17th century.
case used to indicate the patient or experiencer of a verb's action. The absolutive case is used to mark the subject of an intransitive verb, as well as the object of a transitive verb (inasmuch as they are codified in the English nominative-accusative system). Some languages that employ the absolutive case include Abkhaz, Basque, Chechen, Dyirbal, Hindi, Inuktitut, Navajo, Hiligaynon, and Yup'ik.
An ambitransitive verb where the patient is the object of the transitive, but becomes the experiencer of the intransitive use.
Of or pertaining to the grammatical case used to indicate the patient or experiencer of a verb's action.
Intransitive and having an experiencer as its subject, that is, the (syntactic) subject is not a (semantic) agent.