Synonyms containing rohilkhand
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Rohillas are a community of Pashtun ancestry, historically found in Rohilkhand, a region in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It forms the largest Pashtun diaspora community in India, and has given its name to the Rohilkhand region. The Rohillas are found all over Uttar Pradesh, but are more concentrated in the Rohilkhand regions of Bareilly and Moradabad divisions. Between 1838 and 1916, some Rohillas migrated to Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago in the Caribbean region of the Americas. After the 1947 Partition of India, some of the Rohillas migrated to Karachi, Pakistan.
Rohilkhand is a region of northwestern Uttar Pradesh state of India, named after the Rohilla Afghan tribes. The region was known as Madhyapradesh in the Hindu epic Mahabharata. Rohilkhand lies on the upper Ganges alluvial plain and has an area of about 25,000 km²/10,000 square miles. It is bounded by the Ganges River on the south and the west by Uttarakhand and Nepal on the north, and by the Awadh region to the east.It include cities of Bareilly, Moradabad, Rampur, Bijnore, Pilibhit, Shahjahanpur etc.
Bareilly is a prominent city in Bareilly district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh . Standing on the Ramganga river, it is the capital of the Bareilly division and the geographical region Rohilkhand. It is located 252 kilometres north of the state capital, Lucknow and 250 kilometres east of the national capital New Delhi. Bareilly is a centre for the manufacturing of furniture and for trade in cotton, cereal and sugar. The status of the city grew when its name was included in the "Counter Magnets" of the National Capital Region, a list that also includes Hissar, Patiala, Kota and Gwalior. Bareilly historically was also called Sanjashya, where the Buddha descended from Tushita onto the earth. This fast-growing city is also known as Bans-Bareilly. Although Bareilly is a production center for cane furniture, the name Bans Bareilly is not derived from its big bans market. It is named after two princes, Bansaldev and Baraldev, sons of Jagat Singh Katehriya who founded the city in 1537. The city's population in 2011 was 898,167.
Pilibhit is a city and a municipal board in the Pilibhit district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Pilibhit is the north-easternmost district of Bareilly division, situated in the Rohilkhand region of the sub-Himalayan Plateau belt next to foothills of Sivalik Range on the boundary of Nepal, known for the origin of river Gomati and one of the most forest-rich areas in North India. Pilibhit was also known as Bansuri Nagari – the land of flutes, for making and exporting roughly 95 per cent of India's flutes.According to a report issued by the Government of India, Pilibhit is one of the Minority Concentrated Areas in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators. Though separated only by a short distance from the outer ranges of the Himalayas, Pilibhit consists entirely of a level plain, containing depressions but no hills and is intersected by several streams. Pilibhit is one of the forest rich areas of Uttar Pradesh, which has very high tourism potential. The almost 54 km-long Indo-Nepal international border makes Pilibhit a highly sensitive for security purposes. According to an estimate by the Government of India, Pilibhit has 45.23% of its population living under the poverty line. Increasing population and unemployment is a cause of worry in the area, and many non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and government-run organizations have initiated projects to provide employment, but human resources are yet to be exploited in full. The city came third-bottom in terms of hygiene and sanitation in a Government ranking list of 423 towns and cities in India.Pilibhit was in the news at national level because of a few man killer sub-adult tigers, which has caused fear in the whole area in and around the forest. By August 2010, the cat had killed and partially eaten eight people.
The Pashtuns (, or ; Pashto: پښتانه, Pax̌tānə), also Pukhtuns or Pushtuns, historically known as ethnic Afghans or Pathans, are an Iranic ethnic group native to South and Central Asia, who share a common history and culture. They primarily live in Afghanistan and Pakistan. A substantial majority of ethnic Pashtuns share Pashto—an Eastern Iranic language in the Indo-European language family—as the native language.Globally, the Pashtuns are estimated to number around 50 million, but an accurate count remains elusive due to the lack of an official census in Afghanistan since 1979. The majority of the Pashtuns live in the region regarded as Pashtunistan, which has been split between two countries since the Durand Line border was formed after the Second Anglo-Afghan War. The Pashtuns are a significant minority group in Pakistan, where they constitute the second-largest ethnic group or about 15 percent of the population. Smaller, but still significant Pashtun diaspora communities exist in Sindh and Punjab in Pakistan, especially in the cities of Karachi and Lahore, and in the Rohilkhand region of Uttar Pradesh, India. A recent Pashtun diaspora has also developed in the Arab states of the Persian Gulf, primarily in the United Arab Emirates. As the largest ethnic group in Afghanistan (anywhere between 42 and 60 percent of the population), Pashtuns have been the dominant ethno-linguistic group for over 300 years. During the Delhi Sultanate era, the 15th–16th century Lodi dynasty briefly replaced the preexisting rulers in North India until Babur completely deposed the Lodi dynasty. Other Pashtuns fought the Safavids and Mughals before obtaining an independent state in the early 18th century, which began with a successful revolution by Mirwais Hotak followed by conquests of Ahmad Shah Durrani. The Barakzai dynasty played a vital role during the Great Game from the 19th century to the 20th century as they were caught between the imperialist designs of the British and Russian empires. The Pashtuns are the world's largest segmentary lineage ethnic group. Estimates of the number of Pashtun tribes and clans range from about 350 to over 400. There have been many notable Pashtun people throughout history: Ahmad Shah Durrani is regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan, while Bacha Khan was a Pashtun independence activist against the rule of the British Raj. Some others include Imran Khan, Malala Yousafzai, Shahid Afridi, Saif Ali Khan, Shah Rukh Khan, Zarine Khan, Farhad Darya, Abdul Ahad Mohmand, Naghma, Ahmad Zahir, Zakir Husain, Hamid Karzai, Ashraf Ghani, and Mullah Mohammed Omar.
Pheona (Hindi: फ़ीना, Urdu: فینہ), or Fina (which is also the correct pronunciation), is a town in the northwestern Rohilkhand (रोहेलखंड, روہیلکھنڈ) region of Uttar Pradesh state of India. It is located in the administrative district of Bijnor (बिजनौर, بجنور). According to the records kept by the families of this 320-year-old village, it was settled by two soldiers who were part of the armada assembled on the request of king of Haridwar. He had sent out a request various kingdoms of now Rajasthan to settle a complaint made by holy men staying in tarai jungles and nearby, the rishi-muni and sages were troubled by rohilla soldiers out for hunt in the forest. The soldiers used to disturb the havan fire, using it to cook the kill etc. The two soldiers probably came from Alwar. The village, also spelled as Pheena, used to be very important till mid 70s as it was the only one in the area with about 11 small scale sugar factories (crushers), an inter college i.e. a school till 12th. The villagers, did not allow for dispensary or a police station because of their strange belief that these bring trouble. Until now there is none and they have to travel out for them. The village head was often invited by British officials for judicial Bar duties as well, the last village head, also a decedent of the settlers, was Chaudhary Ramswaroop , his house, bearing his name Shri Ram Bhawan still houses the family of his younger son, martyred Inspector Hariraj Singh. His first son Dr Mahipal Singh stayed in the village. Grandson of Shri Ramswaroop Shri Virendra Singh Chauhan was the first engineer of village. His great grandson Group Captain Akhilesh Chauhan is the first pilot of the village, which is matter of pride for the village. The village still hosts the famous naumi mela (dusserah fair) in October, the most popular one in the region. Now the village head is selected by a ballot, it has a bank and post office.
a city in NW. India, the chief town in Rohilkhand, 153 m. E. of Delhi, notable as the place where the Mutiny of 1858 first broke out.
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia
a tribe of Afghans who settled in a district N. of Oudh, called Rohilkhand after them, and rose to power in the 18th century, till their strength was broken by the British in 1774.
— The Nuttall Encyclopedia