English Synonyms and Antonyms
Antecedent may denote simple priority in time, implying no direct connection between that which goes before and that which follows; as, the striking of one clock may be always antecedent to the striking of another with no causal connection between them. Antecedent and previous may refer to that which goes or happens at any distance in advance, preceding is limited to that which is immediately or next before; an antecedent event may have happened at any time before; the preceding transaction is the one completed just before the one with which it is compared; a previous statement or chapter may be in any part of the book that has gone before; the preceding statement or chapter comes next before without an interval. Previous often signifies first by right; as, a previous engagement. Foregoing is used only of that which is spoken or written; as, the foregoing statements. Anterior, while it can be used of time, is coming to be employed chiefly with reference to place; as the anterior lobes of the brain. Prior bears exclusive reference to time, and commonly where that which is first in time is first also in right; as, a prior demand. Former is used of time, or of position in written or printed matter, not of space in general. We can say former times, a former chapter, etc., but not the former part of a garden; we should say the front part of the garden, the forward car of a train. Former has a close relation, or sharp contrast, with something following; the former always implies the latter, even when not fully expressed, as in Acts i, 1, and Eccles. vii, 10.
Such was the state of things previous to the revolution. [Previous to is often used adverbially, in constructions where previously to would be more strictly correct; as, these arrangements were made previous to my departure.]
Complete Dictionary of Synonyms and Antonyms
a minor match preceding the main event
preliminary, overture, preludeadjective
something that serves as a preceding event or introduces what follows
"training is a necessary preliminary to employment"; "drinks were the overture to dinner"
denoting an action or event preceding or in preparation for something more important; designed to orient or acquaint with a situation before proceeding
"a preliminary investigation"
Dictionary of English Synonymes
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How to use preliminary in a sentence?
[In the last three decades] coral cover went from 28% to 13%. Preliminary estimates [from last year's disaster] are saying we've lost half that amount again. To have that kind of mortality on that kind of scale is unprecedented.
The preliminary report confirmed beyond reasonable doubt that the crew followed the right procedures, under the circumstances, with a number of simultaneous warnings in the cockpit, the crew have performed professionally.
The board confirms that the company has received a preliminary approach from a third party regarding its interest in a possible purchase of the company's media assets, consideration of such proposal is at a very early stage and the terms of any potential transaction remain subject to discussion and to regulatory review.
Developments in industry-wide litigation and investigations in the United States relating to mortgages have resulted in an increase in provisions relating to this issue subsequent to the disclosure of the bank's preliminary 2014 results.
But the preliminary data that we've seen... still indicates to me, a degree that I can have a certain amount of cautious optimism -- namely, it's inducing a response in individuals to a level that would predict that there's a good chance that it might protect.
Translations for preliminary
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- preliminarCatalan, Valencian
- vorläufig, vorbereitendGerman
- alustava, preliminaarinen, esi-Finnish
- 予備的, 予備Japanese
- foreløpig, preliminærNorwegian
- introductiv, preliminar, pregătitorRomanian
- предварительный, подготовительныйRussian
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