English Synonyms and Antonyms
Acid, sour, and bitter agree in being contrasted with sweet, but the two former are sharply distinguished from the latter. Acid or sour is the taste of vinegar or lemon-juice; bitter that of quassia, quinine, or strychnine. Acrid is nearly allied to bitter. Pungent suggests the effect of pepper or snuff on the organs of taste or smell; as, a pungent odor. Caustic indicates the corroding effect of some strong chemical, as nitrate of silver. In a figurative sense, as applied to language or character, these words are very closely allied. We say a sour face, sharp words, bitter complaints, caustic wit, cutting irony, biting sarcasm, a stinging taunt, harsh judgment, a tart reply. Harsh carries the idea of intentional and severe unkindness, bitter of a severity that arises from real or supposed ill treatment. The bitter speech springs from the sore heart. Tart and sharp utterances may not proceed from an intention to wound, but merely from a wit recklessly keen; cutting, stinging, and biting speech indicates more or less of hostile intent, the latter being the more deeply malicious. The caustic utterance is meant to burn, perhaps wholesomely, as in the satire of Juvenal or Cervantes. Compare MOROSE.
deadly, venomous, virulentadjective
extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom
"venomous snakes"; "a virulent insect bite"
blistering, pestilent, mortal(a), pernicious, sulfurous, mortal, baneful, acerbic, venomous, sulphurous, caustic, deathly, lethal, acrid, poisonous, vicious, deadly, acid, vitriolic, bitter, acerb
infectious; having the ability to cause disease
acerb, acerbic, acid, acrid, bitter, blistering, caustic, sulfurous, sulphurous, virulent, vitriolicadjective
harsh or corrosive in tone
"an acerbic tone piercing otherwise flowery prose"; "a barrage of acid comments"; "her acrid remarks make her many enemies"; "bitter words"; "blistering criticism"; "caustic jokes about political assassination, talk-show hosts and medical ethics"; "a sulfurous denunciation"; "a vitriolic critique"
blistering, red-hot, vitriolic, hot, blistery, acerbic, stifling, sulphurous, acidic, acrimonious, caustic, mordant, acidulous, venomous, astringent, sulfurous, acrid, deadly, acid, corrosive, pungent, biting, bitter, sultry, acidulent, acerb, erosive
Dictionary of English Synonymes
Synonyms, Antonyms & Associated Words
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How to use virulent in a sentence?
Former Vice PresidentJoseph R. Bidenassailed PresidentTrump’s supporters during a speech Saturday at the annual Human Rights Campaign dinner in Washington, lamenting that ‘virulent people’ and the ‘dregs of society’ still had a friend in the White House.
The result of these experiments is a virus that is highly virulent in humans but is sufficiently different that it no longer resembles the original bat virus, because the mutations are acquired randomly by selection, there is no signature of a human gene jockey, but this is clearly a virus still created by human intervention.
We have demonstrated that two of the three most serious banana fungal diseases have become more virulent by increasing their ability to manipulate the banana’s metabolic path ways and make use of its nutrients, this parallel change in metabolism of the pathogen and the host plant has been overlooked until now and may represent a ‘ molecular fingerprint ’ of the adaptation process.
Our ancestors lived in a different environment and had a different lifestyle and diet, and it is therefore interesting to find out how this is reflected in their microbiome,' it can help us understand how pathogens have evolved and spread over time, and what makes them particularly virulent in a given environment. At the same time, it may help predict how a pathogen will behave in the future, and how it might be contained or eradicated.
This is really fascinating for understanding mechanistically another way to acquire genes that encode factors that make it virulent.
Translations for virulent
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