English Synonyms and Antonyms
Pretense (Latin prætendo) primarily signifies the holding something forward as having certain rights or claims, whether truly or falsely; in the good sense, it is now rarely used except with a negative; as, there can be no pretense that this is due; a false pretense implies the possibility of a true pretense; but, alone and unlimited, pretense commonly signifies the offering of something for what it is not. Hypocrisy is the false pretense of moral excellence, either as a cover for actual wrong, or for the sake of the credit and advantage attaching to virtue. Cant (Latin cantus, a song), primarily the singsong iteration of the language of any party, school, or sect, denotes the mechanical and pretentious use of religious phraseology, without corresponding feeling or character; sanctimoniousness is the assumption of a saintly manner without a saintly character. As cant is hypocrisy in utterance, so sanctimoniousness is hypocrisy in appearance, as in looks, tones, etc. Pietism, originally a word of good import, is now chiefly used for an unregulated emotionalism; formalism is an exaggerated devotion to forms, rites, and ceremonies, without corresponding earnestness of heart; sham (identical in origin with shame) is a trick or device that puts one to shame, or that shamefully disappoints expectation or falsifies appearance. Affectation is in matters of intellect, taste, etc., much what hypocrisy is in morals and religion; affectation might be termed petty hypocrisy. Compare DECEPTION.
Complete Dictionary of Synonyms and Antonyms
fake, sham, postichenoun
something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be
imposter, impostor, pretender, fake, faker, fraud, sham, shammer, pseudo, pseud, role playeradjective
a person who makes deceitful pretenses
histrion, fraud, imposter, pseudo, fake, dissimulator, faker, player, pretender, fraudulence, juke, role player, hoax, dissembler, put-on, humbug, shammer, actor, pseud, hypocrite, phoney, phony, postiche, impostor, dupery, malingerer, thespian, skulker
assumed, false, fictitious, fictive, pretended, put on, shamverb
adopted in order to deceive
"an assumed name"; "an assumed cheerfulness"; "a fictitious address"; "fictive sympathy"; "a pretended interest"; "a put-on childish voice"; "sham modesty"
simulate, assume, sham, feignverb
make a pretence of
"She assumed indifference, even though she was seething with anger"; "he feigned sleep"
pretend, adopt, take for granted, arrogate, get into, accept, strike, dissemble, take on, imitate, acquire, usurp, simulate, assume, put on, presume, affect, feign, take, model, take over, seize, don, take up, bear, wear, copy
feign, sham, pretend, affect, dissembleverb
make believe with the intent to deceive
"He feigned that he was ill"; "He shammed a headache"
bear upon, make believe, mask, touch, cloak, touch on, strike, dissemble, move, assume, involve, pretend, venture, simulate, impress, affect, hazard, feign, act, impact, guess, profess, bear on, regard, make
Dictionary of English Synonymes
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How to use sham in a sentence?
Brittney Griner has been wrongfully detained for four months, and Russia is now engaging in theater by subjecting her to a sham trial in an effort to create a false pretense that she is anything other than a political prisoner.
Now, on the fourth Thanksgiving that he is separated from us, this closed-door trial comes to an end and with the sham verdict. We miss our dad and we really just want him home, if there is anything that President Trump can do now to resolve this, now is the time, right? The clock is ticking and we would love to see our father home by Christmas.
I consider it necessary to have a dialogue with Russia, however, this dialogue must be firm and honest, otherwise it has no purpose and it’s a sham.
I think that's pretty well accurate, this is a sham. This is a joke. I'm going to let the whole world know that if we were doing this to a Democratic President you would be all over me right now.
These trumped up charges were always a sham -- a blatant attempt by the Trump administration to prevent more automakers from joining California and agreeing to stronger emissions standards.
Translations for sham
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- Imitat, Fälschung, Schwindel, Betrug, verstellen, MogeleiGerman
- fingir, fingido, falsoSpanish
- väärennös, petos, huiputus, jäljennös, huijausFinnish
- ruse, feinte, astuce, faux-semblant, mentir, tromperie, tricher, tromperFrench
- falso, fasulloItalian
- 真似事, ごまかし, まがいものJapanese
- bedrog, nep, imitatie, kwakzalverij, oplichterijDutch
- păcăleală, păcăliRomanian
- мошенничество, жульничество, подделкаRussian
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