a rational motive for a belief or action
"the reason that war was declared"; "the grounds for their declaration"
ground, priming coat, intellect, primer, cause, background, reasonableness, undercoat, basis, grounds, solid ground, dry land, primer coat, footing, land, priming, soil, rationality, flat coat, understanding, earth, terra firma
an explanation of the cause of some phenomenon
"the reason a steady state was never reached was that the back pressure built up too slowly"
reason, understanding, intellect(noun)
the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination
"we are told that man is endowed with reason and capable of distinguishing good from evil"
rationality, reason, reasonableness(noun)
the state of having good sense and sound judgment
"his rationality may have been impaired"; "he had to rely less on reason than on rousing their emotions"
cause, reason, grounds(noun)
a justification for something existing or happening
"he had no cause to complain"; "they had good reason to rejoice"
ground, suit, intellect, causal agency, yard, crusade, drive, effort, causa, evidence, case, campaign, reasonableness, movement, curtilage, rationality, grounds, lawsuit, understanding, cause, causal agent
a fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion
"there is reason to believe he is lying"
reason, reason out, conclude(verb)
decide by reasoning; draw or come to a conclusion
"We reasoned that it was cheaper to rent than to buy a house"
present reasons and arguments
"The children must learn to reason"
English Synonyms and Antonyms
To reason is to examine by means of the reason, to prove by reasoning, or to influence or seek to influence others by reasoning or reasons. Persons may contend either from mere ill will or self-interest, or from the highest motives; "That ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered to the saints," Jude 3. To argue (Latin arguo, show) is to make a matter clear by reasoning; to discuss (Latin dis, apart, and quatio, shake) is, etymologically, to shake it apart for examination and analysis. Demonstrate strictly applies to mathematical or exact reasoning; prove may be used in the same sense, but is often applied to reasoning upon matters of fact by what is called probable evidence, which can give only moral and not absolute or mathematical certainty. To demonstrate is to force the mind to a conclusion by irresistible reasoning; to prove is rather to establish a fact by evidence; as, to prove one innocent or guilty. That which has been either demonstrated or proved so as to secure general acceptance is said to be established. Reason is a neutral word, not, like argue, debate, discuss, etc., naturally or necessarily implying contest. We reason about a matter by bringing up all that reason can give us on any side. A dispute may be personal, fractious, and petty; a debate is formal and orderly; if otherwise, it becomes a mere wrangle.
We reason with a person about a subject, for or against an opinion; we reason a person into or out of a course of action; or we may reason down an opponent or opposition; one reasons from a cause to an effect.
While the cause of any event, act, or fact, as commonly understood, is the power that makes it to be, the reason of or for it is the explanation given by the human mind; but reason is, in popular language, often used as equivalent to cause, especially in the sense of final cause. In the statement of any reasoning, the argument may be an entire syllogism, or the premises considered together apart from the conclusion, or in logical strictness the middle term only by which the particular conclusion is connected with the general statement. But when the reasoning is not in strict logical form, the middle term following the conclusion is called the reason; thus in the statement "All tyrants deserve death; Cæsar was a tyrant; Therefore Cæsar deserved death," "Cæsar was a tyrant" would in the strictest sense be called the argument; but if we say "Cæsar deserved death because he was a tyrant," the latter clause would be termed the reason. Compare CAUSE; REASON, v.; MIND; REASONING.
The reason of a thing that is to be explained; the reason for a thing that is to be done.
Complete Dictionary of Synonyms and Antonyms
pretext, pretence, misinterpretation, falsification, misconception, disproof, unreasonableness, absurdity, fallacy, irrationality, wrong, unreason, impropriety, unfairness, folly, aimlessness, unaccountableness
Dictionary of English Synonymes
Words popularity by usage frequency
Translations for reason
From our Multilingual Translation Dictionary
- raó, raonarCatalan, Valencian
- slutte, fornuft, ræsonnere, overvejeDanish
- Vernunft, Grund, Intellekt, VerstandGerman
- λόγος, λογικήGreek
- syy, järkeillä, järki, kohtuus, pohtia, tekosyyFinnish
- fáth, réasún, ábharIrish
- értelem, okHungarian
- argomentare, ragionare, ragione, causa, perché, motivoItalian
- 思慮, 理由Japanese
- cēlonis, saprātsLatvian
- redeneren, redeDutch
- diskutere, fornuftig, overveie, fornuft, resonnereNorwegian
- rozum, rozumować, przekonywaćPolish
- razão, motivo, causa, argumentarPortuguese
- рассуждать, продумать, моти́в, по́вод, причи́на, ра́зум, резо́нRussian
- arësyetoj, arsyeAlbanian
- förstånd, anledning, skälSwedish
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